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The following slightly annotated text is
from "History of York County from its erection to the present time; [1729-1834]"
By W. C. Carter & A. J. Glossbrenner.New edition; with Additions Edited
by A. Monroe Aurand, Jr. Privately Printed: The Aurand Press: Harrisburg,
Pa. 1930; Chapte IX. Revolution. page 61-66.
I am in the process of including links from the text to persons present in pages Within the Vines©.
|ěThere is not a part of Pennsylvania wherein the love of liberty displayed
itself earlier or more strongly than in the county of York. Military companies
with a view to the resisting of Great Britain, were formed in York, while
the people of the neighboring counties slept. ...The first companythat
marched from Pennsylvania to the fields of war was a company of rifle-men
from the town of York; they left this place on the first of July 1775.
York county sent out more soldiers during the revolution than any one of
her neighboring sisters. ...
As early as Dec 1774, a company was formed in the town of York, the object of which was to make soldiers who would be well disciplined for battle in case the disaffection then existing towards English, should proceed to open hostilities. ...
The second company formed in the town of York was in February 1775,
1. The first company to be mentioned is the rifle-company already alluded to, which left York on the 1st of July 1775, and marched directly to Cambridge near Boston. It was at first commanded by Captain Michael Doudle, who however was soon succeeded by his first Lieutenant, Henry Miller. Those who belonged to this company may be called enlisted volunteers; for they a ctually enlisted and bound themselves to military service fot he space of one year, and this they did ěof their own heads without being required or even so much as requested therto by the state or by Congress.
2. In 1776 the counties of York and Cumberland were required each to raise four companies for the forming of a regiment. Of this regiment, William Irwine, at first was Colonel; Thomas Harley, Lieut Colonel; and James Dunlap, Major. Of the four companies riaised in York county, David Grier was Captain of the first, Moses MíLean, of the second, Archibald Míallister , of the third, the name of the Captain of the fourth we cannot give. These companies, which were enlisted for fifteen months left the county to follow the fate of war in the latter end of March. In the year 1777 this regiment formed the 11th regiment of the Pennsylvania line, and its officers were Thomas Hartley, Colonel; David Grier, Lieut. Colonel; and Lewis Bush, Major.
3. Early in May 1776, a rifled company which had been enlisted to serve fifteen months marched from the county of York to Philaelphia, where it was attached to Colonel Milesí Rifle Regiment. The Captain of this company was William MíPherson; and the third Lieut. was Jacob Stake.
4. In July 1776, fiive battalions of militia marched from York county to New Jersey. Out of these five battalions there were formed in about six weeks after their arrival, two battalions of the flying camp: those who did not belong to the camp returned home. The reason of so many more than there was occasion for, being called forth from all the counties seems to have been firstly to try the spirit of the people, and secondly to show the enemy the power of the nation they warred against.
the flying camp is closely connected with the honours and the sufferings
of many men in this county, we will briefly state its history. Congress,
on the 3d of June, 1776, ěResolved, that a Flying Camp be immediately established
in the middle colonies, and that it consist of 10,000 men:î to complete
which number, it was resolved that the colony of
The militia were to be engaged until the 1st of December following,
that is, about six months. The conference of committees for Pennsylvania,
then held at Philadelphia, resolved on the14th of June, that 4500 of the
militia should be embodied, which, withthe 1500 then in the pay of the
province, would make 6000, the quota required by Congress. The same conference
on the 25th, recommended to the associators of York county to furnish 400
The Convention of the state, on the 12th of August, resolved to add four additional battalions to the Flying Camp, York county being required to furnish 515 men toward making out the number of 2984, the amount of the four new battalions. On the same day, Col. George Ross, Vice President of the Convention, Col. Thomas Matlack of Philadelphia, and Col. Henry Schlegel, of York county, were chosen, by ballot, commissioners to go to headquarters in New Jersey, and form the flying camp.
The Flying Camp was accordingly soon formed: it consisted of three
brigades. The brigadier general of the first brigade was James Ewing
of York county; his brigade consisted of three battalions, the first of
which was commanded by Col Swope
of York County; the second, by Col Bull of Chester county; and the
third by Col Watts of Cumberland county, father of the late David Wats,
Esq of Carlisle. Of the other brigades and battalions, w are not at resnt
able to speak with much certainty.
1st Company- Michael
2d Company- Gerhard Graeff, Captain
3rd Company-Jacob Dritt, Captain
4th Company-Christian Stake, Captain
5th ompany -John McDonald, Captain
6th Company-John Ewing, Captain
7th Company-William Nelson, Captain.
8th Company-Captain Williams.
The officers of the second battalion were Col Richard McAlister (father
of Archibald McAlister , already mentioned) Lieut. Col David Kennedy, and
Major John Clark.
Above from History of York County from its erection to the present time;
[1729-1834] By W. C. Carter & A. J. Glossbrenner.
New edition; with Additions Edited by A. Monroe Aurand, Jr. Privately Printed: The Aurand Press: Harrisburg, Pa. 1930; Chapte IX. Revolution. page 61-66. Transcribed by Cynthia Swope.
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