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Fifth Generation American SWOPE : John Adam "John" Swope
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Fifth Generation America SWOPE : John Adam "John" Swope

1 John Adam John SWOPE1,2
Birth: 2 Oct 1815, Gettysburg, Penna14
Death: 25 Oct 1880, Gettysburg, Penna14
Burial: Evergreen Cemetery, Gettysburg, Penna15
Alias: John A Swope in Census entries
Father: Adam SWOPE  (1778-1855)
Mother: Lydia SPANGLER (1785-1841)
Spouse: Nancy Moore McCURDY
  • Birth: 1820 after July 12th or 1821 before July 12, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania [ calculated from  her later census entries)  and in  (Cumberland Township, Adams County, Penna)4,5 [Probably In Parents Cabin Out Emmitsburg Road South of Gettysburg]
  • Death: 6 Aug 1904, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  • Father: James McCURDY (1785-1822)

  • Mother: Martha MOOR(E) (ca 1787-1854) [No ascendancy yet assured]
Image of Mrs John Adam Swope 
[Nancy Moore McCURDY Swope]
in late life
Marr: 27 Feb 1845, Adams County, Penna By Rev Professor Baugher. The marriage of Nancy MOORE to Adam SWOPE was  announced in Gettysburg's Republican Compiler, with her parents named 6
Residence: John SWOPE and Nancy Moore McCurdy resided for some time (certainly in 1850 census and likely before) on the North west corner of South Streets and Baltimore in Gettysburg, Adams County, [the town of his ancestor's and the County of her ancestor's ] and directly across from the Sweeney (Now Farnsworth) house.  This area was a manufacturing region then, apparantly, and theirs was not the only tannery. The area held some odor, and by 1860 they and their growing family were residing with siblings of Johns in Gettysburg removed from the tannery district. We can consider this portion on South and Baltimore of Gettysburg a factory district in this period from which hey sought escape.
Description of John Adam Swope :
 He was a man of advanced ideas. He was one of the most bitter opponents of slavery and one of the original Abolitionists in that part of the country. He had a naturally strong and bright mind, and was a great general reader3
Children of John Adam " John" SWOPE and Nancy Moore McCurdy: Historical Context: Map of Penna 1836
Census Data: 1850, 1850 and 1870 Census' of Gettysburg Borough, Adams County
 
 


CENSUS DATA
_________________
1850 census Gettysburg shows
HOF: John A Swope,  34 yo, saddle tree maker, real estate valued at 450$, wife Nancy 29 (and heavy with Samuel McCurdy, soon to be born) , Lydia Swope 25, James (son) 2, Martha MCurdy 62 (Nancys mother), and Ami MCurdy (first name very hard to decipher-this likely represents a daughter of Martha McCurdy living with her mother and sister, and sisters husband-it could, i suppose, also be a widowed wife to a McCurdy son )
I cant figure out who Lydia Swope 25 is, but John Adam Swope and Nancy Moore McCurdys  daughter Lydia Swope should be 5 for this census and is not mentioned. There were no wives to John Adam Swopes brothers, minus the Gilbert wife to David, as the others died unmarried, limiting the possibility this is a widow to a deceased brother Swope.
______________
 1860 Census
in 1860 Census they were living with George and Clarissa (John Adam Swopes Siblings).  Apparantly, the area they had formerly inhabited carried the smell of the tanneries that were located there and in which Johns father was engaged, probably leading to the families relocation.  The census shows:
George SWOPE 45 [looks like it could be 45 or 48 but we know its 45], Cabinet maker, real estate 1500$, personal worth 400$
Living with Clarissa Swope, 50, real estate valued 1000, no personal monetary worth noted [sister to George and John A]
John A Swope, 43 Saddle Tree Maker, personal worth 1000$ [brother to both George and Clarissa]
Nancy , 36 [Nancy Moore McCurdy Swope, Johns wife] and their children:
Lydia 13
James 11 years
Samuel   9 years
John 7 years
Lydia james Samuel and John were all attended in the school year previous according to the census which made note of the status of children as being school going or not the previous year.
These persons are all residing next to Tanner Henry RUPP and Butcher George A CODORI
 

As an aside, In 1868 the clock in the cuppola of the courthouse was placed there a gift from  H. D Wattles.
_______________
1870 Census
in 12th July 1870 Census (page 31 of Census for Adams County, Gettysburg Boro on line vis Ancestry.com and in hard copy)
the family is listed 165/176 and is listed as one family with head of household George , brother to John A.

George, cabinet maker 57  Real Estate value 4000, Personal Estate Value 3500 (Brother to John A)
(Clarissa, the sister of George and John A and with whom they lived as well in the 1860 census had died in 1865.)
John A, Saddle tree maker  Real Estate Value 3000 Personal estate Value 600
Nancy 49 and a housekeeper
James A 21, works as a Cabinet Maker
Samuel McC, 19, Student College (this would be Pennsylvania College, later to be called Gettysburg College)
John F, 15 Clerk in dry good store
Daughter Lydia was married and no longer living at home and does not appear on census

Spouse: Nancy Moore** McCURDY 3

Children of John Adam "John " SWOPE and Nancy Moore McCurdy:
Lydia Jane (1845-)
James Adam James (1848-)
Samuel McCurdy (1850-1931)
John Franklin (1855-1895)

1.1 Lydia Jane SWOPE 3

Birth: 15 May 1845, Gettysburg, Penna

She was an exceptionally efficient co-worker with her husband in the church and a devoted wife.3
Not found in 1850 census with parents...where is she? She would have been 5 years old...there is a Lydia Swope 25 listed with the family, [Im not sure who that is! ] . She is clearly present in the 1860 census



1850 census shows John A Swope,  34 yo, saddle tree maker, real estate valued at 450$, wife Nancy 29 (and heavy with Samuel McCurdy, soon to be born) , Lydia Swope 25, James (son) 2, Martha MCurdy 62 (Nancys mother), I cant figure out who Lydia Swope 25 is, but their daughter Lydia Swope should be 5 for this census and is not mentioned. Could very well be an error in transcription from text.

in 1860 Census her family was  living with George and Clarissa (John Adam Swopes Siblings).  Apparantly, the area they had formerly inhabited carried the smell of the tanneries that were located there and in which Johns father was engaged, probably leading to the families relocation.  The census shows:
John A Swope 43
Nancy   36
Lydia 13
James 11 years
Samuel   9 years
John 7 years
Lydia james Samuel and John were all attended in the school year previous according to the census which made note of the status of children as being school going or not the previous year.

Spouse: T. C. (Rev) PRITCHARD3

Marr: 3 Jun 1866, Christ Lutheran Church, Gettysburg, Adams Co., Penna

Children:
Charles F. (Died as Infant) (-1868)
William (1869-)

1.2 James Adam James SWOPE7,8

Birth: 14 Mar 1848, Gettysburg, Penna
Death: Probably Glenwood Iowa to whence he removed
Educ: Graduated Penna College, Gettysburg, Penna

Found 2 year old James Swope with parents in 1850 census, Gettysburg, Adams Co., Penna. In 1860 11 year old James is living with his parents and his father's siblings.
After graduating college located in Glenwood Iowa where was in furniture business. 9 No Children at time of Swope Book Writing  in 1898 when he would have been 50
 

Spouse: Anna TOWNSEND8 Marr: 23 Jun 1889


1.3 Hon Samuel McCurdy  SWOPE 10
Birth: 4 Oct 1850, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
Death: 25 Jun 1931, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
Burial: Evergreen Cemetery, Gettysburg, Adams County, Penna
Bapt: 20 Mar 1851, Christ Lutheran G-Burg
Educ: PennaCollege, Gettysburg, Pa Class Of 1876; Clerked With David Wills, Attorney, Gettysburg Entering Office In 1874
Alias: Samuel McC Swope In Census, the way he must have written and said his name

Son of a Saddle Tree maker, at  the age of 12 his town was encompassed in the Battle bearing its name. At that time, and in the early dawn of July 1 1863, he and two friends travelled out to Willoughby Run (just west of Seminary Ridge) to speak to  northern cavalry then encamped and unaware of the carnage to come later in the day and in the two days to follow.  Apparantly enchanted by the youths, they agreed to the boys desire to try out their horses, and allowed them to ride off to water them. Not content with doing so at the obvious stream, they rode to Marsh Creek, engaged in water play , and it was there and while thus engaged that they heard what they thought was Penelope Ann, a revolutionary cannon ignited once a year, on July 4th, and which they believed to be a prepping for her performance four days later. In little time they realized that Penelope Ann could not be responsable for what they heard, and , family lore tells, the boys travelled on rapid horseback through the battle then commencing to three very annoyed Cavalrymen in absence of their horses while their comrades were actively engaged.  On the occasion of Lincolns address 4 months later, family lore tells he was selling lemonade (in november?) with his friends but  was accused of pilfering funds (my fathers words likely mimicking the story as told  by his grandfather), at which time he removed to underneath the platform from which unusual vantage he watched the famous address.

In 1874 he entered the office of David Wills of Gettysburg (ed note: the man who hosted Lincoln the night before the famous speech and who was partially responsable for the national cemetery in that town) , with whom he read law, and as a result of which education was admitted to the Bar at Gettysburg in 1876, and two years later to practise  before the Supreme Court of the State. He was twice elected District Attorney for the county of Adams, the second time without opposition, though a candidate of the minority party, and as such served six years from Jan., 1880 to Jan, 1886. In 1894 he was elected President Judge of the district, comprising Adams and Fulton counties by a very large majority. In politics he was Republican. Member and elder in Presbyterian Church. 11

He married the beautiful Anna Kate Stair , known as Annie, and resided with her and their family on Baltimore Street next to the Presbyterian Church of which he was a member, and in a home now part of the Presbyterian church and holding the name of the subsequent owners. His grandaughter Betty Swope recalls (she was an accomplished singer and a student at Peabody Institute) being asked to sing Oh Take me Home at the foot of the ex Judges wifes Sleigh bed on numerous occasions.  I get the impression that something more lively would have been preferred by the performer.

The Painting of Samuel McCurdy Swope that is  hanging in the Adams County Courthouse (which was dedicated by his grandson Donald McCurdy Swope, also an attorney, like his father before him) shows Samuel McC with a daisy in his lapel.  Donald and his sister Betty remember many evenings when their grandfather would walk through town to dinner at their home more than a mile removed. He always wore a flower in his lapel. He is remembered as a fine story teller with a dramatic flair.  The stories of the battle as related above are those my father told me when I asked what was our family doing at the time of the Battle?  He answered, Hiding in the Basement like the rest of the citizens, and when pressed, told me the above, no doubt, a repeat of stories told to him by his grandfather who had experienced them as related. As an aside, that dining room table in the home of Broadway, now in possesion of my brother D H Swope, saw seated at it contemporaneously its giver (Samuel McCurdy and Anna Kate (Stair) Swope on the occasion of their sons marriage), their son James Donald and Ruth (Reinecke) Swope, and James and Ruths son Donald McCurdy.
Donald McCurdy married Mary Olive (Howard) Swope, their son Douglas Howard Swope and Candace Kugel, his wife, brought Trevor to dinner offered on it in the same home in which Samuel and Annie ate when entertained by their son.
 It thus has served five generations of Swopes in the same dining room and is happily in family possesion while Trevor approaches manhood now removed from its original locale.
 

Samuel McCurdy Swope moved for admission of his son James Donald to acceptance by the bar of that new attorney.
James Donald Swope would likewise move for the admission of his own son, Donald McCurdy Swope.
I was present when Donald McCurdy Swope moved for the admission of my sister to the same. There were tears in his eyes, and he looked at the time to the painting of his greatgrandfather, beloved to him, watching the proceedings.

_________________
For this census , Samuel McCurdy Swopes parents were residing in the home on the Northwest corner of Baltimore across the street from the Farnsworth house. It was a Tannery area at the time, and his father had the work space behind the home.
1850 census shows John A Swope,  34 yo, saddle tree maker, real estate valued at 450$, wife Nancy 29 (and heavy with Samuel McCurdy, soon to be born) , Lydia Swope 25, James (son) 2, Martha MCurdy 62 (Nancys mother), I cant figure out who Lydia Swope 25 is, but John Adam and Nancy (nee McCurdy) Swopes daughter Lydia Swope should be 5 for this census and is not mentioned. Could very well be an error in transcription from text.
______________________________
 in 1860 Census he and his parents were living with George and Clarissa (John Adam Swopes Siblings).  Apparantly, the area they had formerly inhabited carried the smell of the tanneries that were located there and in which Johns father was engaged, probably leading to the families relocation.  The census shows:
John A Swope 43
Nancy   36
Lydia 13
James 11 years
Samuel   9 years
John 7 years
Lydia , James,  Samuel and John all attended  school year in the year previous according to the census which made note of the status of children as being school going or not the previous year
_______________

in 12th July 1870 Census (page 31 of Census for Adams County, Gettysburg Boro on line via Ancestry.com and in hard copy)
the family is listed 165/176 and is listed as one family with head of household George Swope:
George, cabinet maker 57  Real Estate value 4000, Personal Estate Value 3500 (Brother to John A)
         (Clarissa, the sister of George and John A and with whom they lived as well in the 1860 census had died in 1865.)
John A, Saddle tree maker  Real Estate Value 3000 Personal estate Value 600
Nancy 49 and a housekeeper
James A 21, works as a Cabinet Maker
Samuel McC, 19, Student College (this would be Pennsylvania College, later to be called Gettysburg College)

_______________
He appears in the 1910 census Borough of Gettysburg, Adams County, Penna and as Head of Household
Samuel Mc C Swope Age: 59 State: PA
Color: W Enumeration District: 0011
Birth Place: Pennsylvania Visit: 0343
County:  Adams, Gettysburg
Relation:  Head of Household
Other Residents: Wife Annie K 53, Pennsylvania
Son J Donald 28, Pennsylvania (to be married that year, at which time he would move to Broadway and be head of household)
Daughter Mary S 24, Pennsylvania
Daughter Amy Mc C 17, Pennsylvania
NR Bertie Horner 32, Pennsylvania
NR Marie 15, Pennsylvania

Appears in 1920 Census Gettysburg, Baltimore Street with wife Anna as lawyer in general practise. (image attached under multimedia)
Page 32 of 40 in Online Images Ancestry.com, and in district encompassing Jail (there are two districts this census)
Samuel McC and Anna K.
No other residents of home

Spouse: Anna Kate (Annie) ** Nana STAIR11
Birth: 7 Mar 1856, York, York Co, Penna12
Death: 5 Oct 1932, Gettysburg, Penna
Father: William Henry** STAIR (1830-<1855)
Mother: Maria Elizabeth** Mary BENTZ (1834-1916)
Marr: 1876, Gettysburg Presbyterian Or York St Johns Episcopal [Probably the brides church. Her uncle was organist at St johns, and her mother remarried in St Johns in 1868]

Children: Marion (died in Infancy) (Died as Infant)
 James Donald**Dewey (1881-1950)
 Mary Stair (1885-1966)
 Amy McCurdy (1893-1980)

1.4 John Franklin SWOPE8

Birth: 1 Jun 1855, Gettysburg, Penna8
Death: 1895, Iowa8
Educ: Gettysburg College, Gettysburg Penna? (Born in Gettysburg, educated there)9

On arriving at manhood he left his native place and went west, locating at Glenwood, Iowa, where he engaged in the furniture business in partnership with his brother, James. In 1888 he moved to Red Oak, Iowa.9
With his genius for making fiends and his close attention his business grew wonderfully, and at the time of his death he had one of the largest furniture stores in southwestern Iowa. He was an enterprising and public spirited business man, and hightly esteemed citizen. His genial ways won him friends quickly, and his sterling qualities of head and heart held friends to him closely and commanded the respect of all.9
No children at time of Swope Book writing (notes compiled 1896, after John F Swopes death)9

Spouse: Mary FORD  8
Marr: 27 Jul 1880  8
 
 

Sources

1. Gilbert Ernest Swope, The Swope Family 1676-1896, T.B. & H.B Cochran, Publishers, 1898.  pages 75 & 89.
2. Census listing, see detail. Gettysburg Borough, Adams Co, Penna Enumerated Aug 23.
3. Gilbert Ernest Swope, The Swope Family 1676-1896, T.B. & H.B Cochran, Publishers, 1898.  page 89.
4. Family Notes from D M Swope-research and interviews. 1818-appears disputed by census in which she would have been born 1820/21. DM was intimate with his grandfather Sam Swope, the son of this couple
5. Census listing, see detail. 1850 Gettysburg, Adams Co, Penna shows she is 29, 1870 census she is 49.
6. Adams County Sentinel (Centinel) -Spelling varies at Historical Society and whereever it is sited-mostly Sentinel, Adams County Newspaper published Gettysburg, Sited by the Adams county historical society in mcCurdy file, 3 march 1845 edition.
7. Census listing, see detail. 1850 Gettysburg Boro, adams Co., Penna Census with parents.
8. Gilbert Ernest Swope, The Swope Family 1676-1896, T.B. & H.B Cochran, Publishers, 1898.
9. Ibid. page 90.
10. Ibid. pgs 90 and 123-124.
11. Ibid. page 123-124.
12. Family Notes from DM Swope-research and interviews.
13. 1860 census [page number 42 in hard copy for Gettysburg Borough, Adams County, penna 197 in upper right hand corner-  page no 197 in mixed townships [only township offered for] Adams County, Penna in ancestry.com subscription ] Ennumerated 13th June 1860
Dwelling 297/343rd enumerated. George Swope, Head of Household.
14. Remembrances of Samuel McCurdy Swope, son of John SWOPE and Nancy Moore McCurdy as recorded by his grandchild D M Swope
15. Evergreen cemetery tombstone, Gettysburg, Adams County, Penna. Viewed by writer.