Pennsylvania during the Revolution
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Rev War Re-enactors, Units and Organizations
Good history: The Pennsylvania Militia in the Revolution
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The Pennsylvania Militia The rosters can be found at Rootsweb in their page dedicated to the Penna Revolutionary Archives and found at http://www.iarchives.com/anc_04/search.jsp?toc=is32i0fnoa5. This is a searchable site, very, very useful.
When the Association was disbanded, it was replaced by the Militia.
The following is from Penna State Archives and in their webpage "The
Revolutionary War" :
"The Pennsylvania Militia, 1777-1783:
The Pennsylvania Militia was organized under an act of March 7, 1777, which provided for compulsory enrollment by the constables of all able-bodied male whites between the ages of eighteen and fifty-three. Exemptions were extremely limited, and an estimated 60,000 men were enrolled. For purposes of administration and drill, Companies and Battalions of militia were set up on a geographical basis similar to the arrangement already familiar with the Associators. In many instances, members of the militia gave no military service beyond occasional routine drill, and some escaped even that. Only in extreme cases was any individual militia man required to drill with his neighbors as many as twelve times each year, and at most he was called upon to perform during the entire course of the war, two or possibly three, short tours of active duty. Many men listed on company rosters never drilled, and tens of thousands enrolled in the militia never experienced a single day of active duty. Avoiding militia calls was not difficult. A man who failed to report for drill merely paid an Exercise Fine. A militiaman called for active duty who found such duty inconvenient was permitted to hire a Substitute to march and fight in his stead. Frequently no substitute was furnished, but instead a Substitute Fine was paid. Militia fines became an important source of revenue. Membership in the Associators differed greatly from membership the militia, for, technically, enrollment in the Associators was voluntary, while membership in the militia was strictly compulsory with the obligation legally defined.
Pay for military service was often long delayed. Thousands of militiamen returned from tours of active duty unpaid, bearing only a slip signed by a commanding officer. General financial confusion and the collapse of wartime currencies made prompt payment impossible, but eventually, under an act of April 1, 1784, Pennsylvania compensated such payment for their active service and settled accounts with certain other public creditors by passing to them interesting bearing Certificates of the funded or Militia Debt. These certificates (bonds in the modern sense) were ultimately redeemed at face value. Unfortunately, when redemption came many of the original holders had long since sold their certificates at heavy discounts." Penna State Archives in their webpage "The Revolutionary War" :
See also at same page linked as source above, history on :
The Military Association 1775-1777 [This is the Associators]
Line Troops and the Pennsylvania Line
The Pennsylvania Navy, 1775-1783
and Links to Records pertinent to the Revolutionary War
ýcaptain of Draught company of Lower end of Leacock twp, 7th Co., 7th Batt., L.C.M., commanded by Col. John Boyd elected May 1777. PA Archives Series 5, Vol VII p 653 for roll of Company see also p. 639.ţ
John Troxell " He was a vetern of the
Revolutionary War and served in the Continental Line, Colonel`s Co. (Colonel Richard
Hampton), Tenth Pennsylvania Regiment. "
Within The Vines